Roses have a popularity for being difficult to care for, but actually learning how to care for roses is somewhat simple. The main components involved with caring for roses you need to understand are: planting, watering, fertilizing, pruning, and winterizing. Simply put, with the correct amount of water and sunlight and a little bit of grooming, your roses should thrive. And remember, roses are resilient plants. So, if you occasionally ignore or muff something, the plants are amazingly forgiving.
Watering your roses regularly. The rule of thumb for watering roses is certainly to make sure roses get about 2 inches a week. Deep soakings are much better than frequent, shallow watering. Established the hose at the foot of the rose and let drinking water trickle in. Or for those who have a huge bed of roses or roses and companions, use a soaker hose or install an in-ground system.
Feed roses consistently before and throughout the blooming cycle and make use of fertilizer to support healthy growth. Use an all-purpose garden fertilizer, because it has balanced amounts of N (nitrogen), P (phosphorus), and K (potassium). Fertilizers touted especially for roses - such as Rose Food - are great but not mandatory. In spring, as the plant emerges from dormancy, you can water with a tablespoon of Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) dissolved in a gallon of drinking water to promote strong canes.
Always water before applying fertilizer so the plant is plumped up and under no stress.
Groom your roses to improve flowering and keep plants healthy: Using sharp clippers, you can spruce up your rosebushes whenever something unattractive about the plant catches your critical vision.
Here’s stuff you can cut out any time you see it:
Dead wood: Remove dead canes down to the ground level.
Damaged wood: Cut it back into about 1 inch of healthy wood.
Misplaced stems: Take off stems that are rubbing collectively (choose one and spare the various other), stems that are taking off in the wrong direction, and stems that are trailing on the ground.
Suckers: In a grafted plant, these errant canes emerge from below the graft union (the bulge at the base of the bush). The suckers look different from the rest of the bush - they’re often smoother, straighter, and lighter in color. Another clue: They sprout leaves and from time to time mongrel flowers that appearance nothing like the main bush.
Deadhead and tidy up your roses for a cleaner, more bountiful rose bed. The plant looks better when you get rid of spent flowers. Also, because the goal of all flowering vegetation is to stop flowering and generate seed (in the case of rosebushes, to make rose hips), deadheading thwarts the process. So, the plant is fooled into making more flowers. Deadhead away!
Whenever you see badly damaged, diseased, or dead leaves, remove them. To end up being on the safe aspect, throw them in the trash rather than in the compost pile. Otherwise, the leaves may spread disease.
Prune roses in the springtime to destroy all older or diseased plant material. Early spring is the best time to prune. If it’s still wintertime, your overeager cuts may lead to frost damage. Pruning roses is a straightforward process: Remove all non-negotiable growth, thin the plant life, and then shape them.
Experts advise cutting 1/4 inch above a bud eye therefore the bud attention doesn’t dry out.
How to use razor-sharp clippers to prune a rose bush
Use clean, sharpened clippers, and cut in a 45-degree angle. Cut near a bud eyesight, the tiny brownish or reddish bump on the stem (not to be baffled with a thorn).